BRITISH MUSLIMS

Muslims in the UK At the last 2011 UK Census the Muslim population was at 2,786,635 (4.4%) of the population, with the vast majority being in England with 2,660,116 (5.02%).  The largest ethnic groups being British Pakistani at 1,028,459 (38%), Bangladeshi at 402,428 (14.9%), Black African at 207,201 (7.7%), Indian at 197,161 (7.3%), Arab at 178,195 (6.6%). The five ethnic groups alone above account for nearly three quarters of the Muslims in the UK. The Muslim community are concentrated in the cities of Bradford, Luton, Blackburn, Birmingham, London, Dewsbury, High Wycombe, Slough, Leicester, Derby, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow & Edinburgh (Scotland). So these are the priority locations that MI would want to build programmes in. Islam is officially the second largest religion in the UK. Age Profile 33% of the Muslim population are aged 15 and under, 4% aged 65 and older. Poverty According to the 2011 census certain parts of the Muslim community face poor standards of housing, and poorer levels of education. The community also has the highest levels of unemployment and poorest health, the most disability and the fewest educational qualifications from any ethnic group. Conversely, there are estimated to be around 10,000 British Muslim Millionaires, with an ever-increasing British Muslim Business Community that ‘could and should’ be working together in actively addressing wider community issues Education Approximately one third of British Muslims have no qualifications, the highest of any ethnic group, whilst almost quarter of all Christians & Sikhs have no qualifications. More recently nearly 53% of Muslim Youth attended university compared with 45% of Christian. There are 140 Muslim faith schools in the UK; these schools regularly outperform those of other faiths. There are great variances in the Educational attainment in the country. 8.1% of all school-aged children in the UK are Muslim. Muslims with no qualifications have vastly decreased from 39% in 2001 to 26% in 2011. Muslims at Work 20% of Muslims are economically active and in full time employment. 18% are looking after the home or family. 5.5% are in higher management and professional careers. The Muslims at work results are highly distorted due to the much higher than average business entrepreneurs and enterprise within the community. Politics Muslims are playing an increasingly prominent role in political life. There are currently 8 Muslim MP’s and 12 Peers. The majority of Muslims vote for the Labour Party. Media Although British Muslims are well represented in the Media, we have very few ownership or leadership roles; therefore the narrative continues to be very negative for the community. Notable examples of thought leaders in Journalism include, Mehdi Hassan, the political editor of the Huffington Post who is leaving the UK to take a post in the US. Ownership or Leadership within the media should be encouraged. Prison & Order There is a disproportionate level of Muslims in Prison, with Muslims making up 13% of the total prison population. (These include foreign nationals) Health & Disability 5.5% of Muslims have self-declared, bad or very bad health with this increasing to 24.1% with age 50 and over. In the majority of authorities over 40% of Muslim women aged over 65 have very bad health. Identity According to one survey Muslims identity themselves as Muslim first and then the nation and origin state. More than 85% of British Muslims are proud of being British Citizens, compared with only 79% of the general public. 77% of Muslims strongly identify themselves with Britain while only 50% of the wider population. Nearly half of Muslims in the UK were born here, and only 6% are struggling with speaking English. Discrimination Discrimination is increasing greatly with a large increase of reported attacks on members of the community, faith centres and cemeteries. British Politicians and Media are very much responsible for propagating negative stereotypes of Muslims and fueling anti-Muslim prejudice.

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